There are four categories of genetic engineering, including red genetic engineering, gray genetic engineering, white genetic engineering, and green genetic engineering. Red genetic engineering is mostly used in medical research, such as basic medical research, drug research, or genetic therapy. Gray genetic engineering can be found in environment management research, such as phytromediation, and pollutant detection. White genetic engineering can be used to optimize enzyme production. And lastly green genetic engineering can be found in agricultural research such as herbicide tolerant, resistance to insects, changing of vegetal composition and meat production.
Most genetic engineering application is needed to create new DNA sequence. Therefore, genetic engineering and DNA sequencing is closely related.
It was stated by Prof. Dr. habil. Hans-Jürgen Mägert in his Public Lecture in Health Science Building University of Indonesia, Depok. Prof. Dr. habil. Hans-Jürgen Mägert is FMUI’s Adjunct Professor from Anhalt University of Applied Sciences, Kothen, Germany.
The public lecture was moderated by Prof. Dr. rer. Nat. Dra. Asmarinah, M.Si, FMUI’s Professor of Medical Biology. The lecture was titled “Progress in DNA Sequencing and Genetic Engineering”.
Prof. Mägert also stated that DNA sequencing is assigning specific DNA fragments. DNA sequencing can be used to detect new genes, and detecting mutation related to diseases by seeing the order of amino acid.
To conclude his lecture, outside of its medical purposes, genetic engineering and DNA sequencing can be used in food production, environmental engineering, and other industrial products.
The lecture was closed with a discussion and photo session. Students looked enthusiastic and asked many questions during the discussion. This lecture is expected to be a place to share knowledge from experts, and to inspire students with new development in the medical world.
(Public Relations of FMUI)